Article Body

  • Any manuscript must consider all article writing standards based on the AMA Manual of Style for writing articles.

  • Any lack of "English" academic writing may lead to "fast rejection" of manuscripts. Therefore, the journal strongly recommend authors to consult their manuscripts with a native English speaker and edit them. 

  • To avoid the English editing surcharge, we recommend that non-native English speaking authors send their manuscripts to a professional English editing service prior to the submission of their manuscript to journals.

[Especially required for Research Articles]

The rest of the article differs according to the article type, but generally, it includes the following headings:

  • Background & Objectives

  • Materials/Patients and Methods

  • Results

  • Discussion

  • Conclusion

  • References

Drug Names

Generic drug names must be used in the title and throughout the whole manuscript, as well. The proprietary name should be included in parentheses, along with the name of the manufacturer, and city, upon the first mention in the text.


All authors can either put the formula in a full manuscript without title page file ( *.docx format) and if there is a problem in the auto-generated pdf files, authors can upload formula as a Formula file type (or as Another file type if you do not find Formula file type in *.doc format). 


To distinguish different parts of the article, it is recommended to use the  Times New Roman font (size 12) for the body, size 12 bold for subheadings, size 14 for headings, and size 14 bold for the title.

Units, symbols, and abbreviations

Internationally accepted units (International System of Units), symbols, and abbreviations must be used. Abbreviations should be used sparingly and must be introduced in parentheses upon first mention. Abbreviations that have meaning only within the context of the specific manuscript should be avoided.

Background & Objectives

  • The background should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor contains data or conclusions of the study. 

  • Objectives: Author(s) should declare objectives/aims of the study in the submitted manuscript.


  • This should include the exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer's name and address should be given in parenthesis.

  • For established methods reference is needed but for the new methods enough information is required, therefore, it can be used afterward.

  • Generic name, dose, and administration type are required for the used medications.

  • Statistical methods and general computer programs (software) must be mentioned.

  • The used Info system should be clearly noted.


  • It must be presented in the form of text, tables, and illustrations.

  • The contents of the tables should not be repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given.

  • Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.


  • Discussion should emphasize on the present findings and the variations or similarities with other related studies.

  • The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again.

  • It concentrates on the new and important aspects of the study and the achieved conclusions.

  • It must be mentioned that the initially considered hypothesis is true or false or no conclusions can be derived.


Presenting the last word on the issues and summarizing thoughts and conveying the larger implications of the study, demonstrating the importance of ideas, and introducing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem. One well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two-or-three paragraph conclusion may be required.


Figures must be submitted as separate files in the submission process. Each figure needs a caption.

  • Authors should declare in the cover letter that all figures of their manuscripts are original, otherwise the original source of figures should be mentioned and reprint form must be uploaded in the attachments.

  • A scanned graph from other resources will not be accepted to publish.

  • All Figures should be in the form of encapsulated postscript (.eps), power point (.ppt), portable document format (.pdf), Photoshop (.psd), TIF (.tiff), PNG (png) or JPG (.jpg).

  • The raw data of the charts should be uploaded in Microsoft excel format (MS Office 2007 or newer)

  • Please scan all images in at least 300dpi. Most consumer scanners scan in sRGB by default. However, if you are using a high-end scanner then Adobe RGB is recommended for optimum color depth. Colorspace should be in RGB.

  • Image quality specification for Line art (an image composed of lines and text which does not contain tonal or shaded areas) has a resolution of 900 dpi, halftone (a continuous tone photograph which contains no text) with 300 dpi and combination of both should have 500 dpi of resolution.

  •  We will NOT accept any images with a resolution below 300 dpi.


  • Write tables at the end of the manuscript. Every table in a separate page.

  • Each table should have borders with normal style without any colored row or column.

  • The style of table should be simple.

  • Each cell must contains only one paragraph or one line.

How to draw a standard table:

  • A sample of table:

Header 1

Header 2

Header 3

Header 4

First Column 1

Cell 1

Cell 2

Cell 3

First Column 2

Cell 4

Cell 5

Cell 6

First Column 3

Cell 7

Cell 8

Cell 9

  • Text direction of the table should be Left-to-Right as the whole manuscript .

  • Align text should be on the left also.

  • If you have already drawn your table, you should apply the above steps in addition to changing table properties as the figure bellow.


Word Count of Abstract:

  • An abstract of 250-350 words should be provided to state the reason for the study, the main findings, and the conclusions drawn from the observation.

An abstract is required in:

  • Structured abstract is required for the below article types:

    • Research Articles

    • Review Articles

    • Case Reports

    • Brief Reports


How to find keywords?

  • A list of 3-10 keywords must be provided for indexing purposes. All keywords should be provided according to the MeSH terms at:

  • The preferred expression is indicated by the label "MeSH Heading" and not "Entry Term". The desired terms may then be copied from the MeSH Browser. Another way of finding appropriate headings is to search PubMed to find articles on similar topics, and review the MeSH headings assigned to those articles.

Full Word File without Title Page

  • This file must contain all parts of the manuscript including in the format of Microsoft Word .Docx (normal style, line height: 1, fon size: 14, clear, read more):

    • Abstract

    • Article Body

    • Tables

    • Acknowledgments

    • Appendices

  • Upload figure(s) as separate files.

  • Please do NOT include a title page in this file because this file will be sent to reviewers and authors must be blinded to our reviewers.

Funding or Support

  • Detailed information regarding all financial and material support for the research and work.

  • It must not be limited to grant support, funding sources, and provision of equipment and supplies.

  • A link to the grant number provided by authors is always required.

Persian Abstract in a Journal

Some of the Iranian journals would like to publish a Persian abstract. Authors of these journals should upload their Persian abstract during submission.

To do:

  1. Upload a word file during submission for those manuscript types with required abstract.

  2. This abstract will be printed in the final PDF.


  • Appendices can be additional files (excel, csv, pdf, text, word, ...) which are requested from the journal side or uploaded by the author.

  • You can easily upload them in the mentioned box


Types of Reference

  1. Journal Articles

  2. Books

  3. WWW documents

Type 1) Journal Article


  • Author's surname, followed by the initials or first name; for articles by up to and including six authors, list all authors separated by commas

  • The title of the article, followed by a full stop

  • The title of the journal abbreviated. No punctuation should be used.

  • Date of publication: the year followed by the month (abbreviated to three letters) and the day followed by a semi-colon.

  • The volume and issue number, the latter in brackets, followed by a colon

  • The page numbers, followed by a full stop

Tips 1: How to find a journal abbreviation?

Search the journal title in one of the below database. If you cannot find a particular journal title in the NLM database, check one of the following.

If you still cannot find an abbreviation, build one using the ISSN International Centre's LTWA (LTWA stands for List of Title Word Abbreviations, go to Access to the LTWA). For example, if you had an article from the fictitious Annals of Egyptian Nutrition, you would find the abbreviation for Annals (Ann), then the abbreviation for Egyptian (Egypt) and, finally, the abbreviation for Nutrition (Nutr) to come up with Ann Egypt Nutr.

  • List the first six authors followed by et al.

    • Meydani SN, Leka LS, Fine BC, Dallal GE, Keusch GT, Singh MF, et al.Vitamin E and Respiratory Tract Iinfections in Elderly Nursing Home Residents: a Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2004 Aug 18;292(7):828-36.

    • Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

  • Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation

    • Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.

    • Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy: clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;127(2):179-86. PubMed ID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.

  • Organization as the author

    • Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

    • Margulies EH, Blanchette M; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Haussler D, Green ED. Identification and characterization of multi-species conserved sequences. Genome Res. 2003 Dec;13(12):2507-18.

  • Article not in English 

    • Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Mar 20;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.

  • Volume or issue with the supplement

    • Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.

    • Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.

  • Volume or issue with the part

    • Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.

    • Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.

Type 2) Books


  1. Each author's surname followed by the initials (in the same order as they appear on the title page), a comma should separate each author's name.

  2. The title of the book

  3. The edition number of the book, if there has been more than one edition. Abbreviate the edition to the Ed.

  4. Place of publication or town of origin, followed by a colon

  5. The publisher's name, followed by a semi-colon

  6. The year of publication

  • Editor(s), compiler(s) as author

    • Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

  • Author(s) and editor(s)

    • Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

  • Organization(s) as author

    • National Lawyers Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.

  • A chapter in a book

    • Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome Alterations in Human Solid Tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

  • The Conference proceedings

    • Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

  • The Conference paper

    • Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

  • Dissertation

    • Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

  • Patent

    • Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.

Type 3) WWW document

  • Structure:

    • Author/editor's surname author/editor's first name or initials. Editor [if appropriate]. Title of page. Title of site. Last update or copyright date. URL (Access date).

    • Royal College of General Practitioners. The Primary Health Care Team. RCGP website 2003 [cited 2004 Sep 22]; Available from: URL:

  • Article in an online format

    • Author's surname, initials. (Year) Document title. Journal title, Volume (part).

    • Drasin, Todd, Dutson, Erik and Gracia, Carlos. Use of a Robotic System as Surgical First Assistant in Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 199(3).

  • Homepage/Web site

    • Example: [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:

  • Blogs

    • Holt M. The Health Care Blog [Internet]. San Francisco: Matthew Holt. 2003 Oct - [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:

    • [Internet]. New York: KidneyNotes. c2006 - [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:

  • Government publications

    • NHS Executive. Clinical Governance: Quality in the New NHS. London: Department of Health; 1999.

  • Map

    • Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers. Biodiversity hotspots [map]. Washington: Conservation International; 2000.

  • Dictionary and similar references

    • Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675.

  • In press or forthcoming materials

    • Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Forthcoming 2002.