Ethics in Research


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Human Rights

The cover letter must include a statement declaring the study complies with the current ethical considerations. Authors reporting the experimental studies on human subjects must include a statement of assurance in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript that:

  1. The informed consent was obtained from each participant included in the study,
  2. The study protocol is consistent with the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki as reflected in a prior approval by the institution's human research committee.

Every experimental or clinical study may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g., Institutional Ethical Approval to study on animal or human subjects). Thus, the journal editorial board expects all authors, reviewers, and editors to consider the COPEICMJE and Equator Network’s reporting guidelines in medical ethics plus the scientific writing. If any, authors should state related declaration(s), otherwise, the following sentence should be given: “None be declared”.

Animal Rights

Principles:

  • In the studies using animal experimentation, assurance must be provided that all animals received humane care according to the criteria outlined in the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals" prepared by the National Academy of Sciences and published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH publication 86-23 revised 1985). 
  • When conducting research on animals we commit to the Basel Declaration which shows outlines fundamental as well as ethical guidelines at the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS).
  • Writing an ethical approval code for all of our submissions including those with animal experiences is REQUIRED during submission. Otherwise, we have to "Fast Reject" those submissions in the early screening step.
  • During "Submission", the author must fill the ethical approval code.

Ethical Approval Code

To publish an article in a research journal, the author(s) are requested to get the ethical permission from their institute. In this permission, the authors will agree upon standard ethical behavior.

  • "Ethical Approval Code" is required for all studies on people, medical records, and human samples.
  • This code must be linked to a webpage showing the details of approval.
  • The code must be approved by the authors' local authorities. For example, the national center of ethics or ethics department of universities.