Conflicts of Interest (CoI)


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CoI Rules

  • Conflicts of interest comprise those which may not be fully apparent and which may influence the judgment of author, reviewers, and editors. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived. They may be personal, commercial, political, academic or financial. 
  • “Financial” interests may include employment, research funding, stock or share ownership, payment for lectures or travel, consultancies and company support for staff.
  • "Conflict of Interest" is required for all types of submissions.
  • Authors are expected to provide detailed information about any relevant financial interests or financial conflicts within the past 5 years and for the foreseeable future.
  • Authors who have no relevant financial interests are asked to provide a statement indicating that they have no financial interests related to the material in the manuscript.

Authors must declare in CoI:

Conflict of Interests must be included in this text box (during submission) to prevent overlooked or misplaced information on potential conflict of interests. Authors must identify any potential financial conflict of interests before the review process begins. Declared conflict of interest will not automatically result in rejection of a paper but the editors reserve the right to publish any declared conflict of interest alongside the acceptance. The following statements would generally be regarded as potential conflict of interests:

  1. Direct financial payment to an author for the research or manuscript production by the sponsor of a product or service evaluated in an article.
  2. Ownership of shares by an author in the company sponsoring a product service evaluated in an article (or in a company sponsoring a competing product).

Personal consultant for companies or other organizations with a financial interests for promotion of particular health care products and services