Meningitis induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2: A case report

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Keywords

SARS-CoV-2
Meningitis
Fever
Confusion
Convulsion

How to Cite

JavidarabshahiZ., NajafiS., & RajiS. (2021). Meningitis induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2: A case report. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 23(6). Retrieved from https://ircmj.org/index.php/IRCMJ/article/view/293

Abstract

Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in December 2019 in China and caused a catastrophic pandemic in 2020. Significant manifestations of COVID-19 are related to the respiratory system; however, other organs, such as the brain and heart, can also be involved.

Case presentation: A 44-year-old-male was hospitalized in our referral emergency center due to being febrile and confused. He experienced five episodes of convulsion in the hospital. Within a day, the respiratory symptoms developed. The polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was positive for COVID-19. The analysis of CSF and findings of chest computed tomography scan revealed that the case was infected with meningitis induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and pneumonia.

Conclusions: It has been reported that neurological symptoms of COVID-19 can appear earlier than other symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, few articles have represented COVID-induced meningitis. This case study reported the first case of meningitis induced by SARS-CoV-2 in Iran

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References

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